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中華人物:王世貞

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王世貞(1526—1590)明太倉(今屬江蘇)人,字元美,自號鳳洲,又號弇州山人。右都御史王忬之子。少有才名,十九歲中進士。歷官刑部主事、員外郎、郎中、兵備副使。不附權貴,曾拒嚴嵩黨羽陸炳請托;好友楊繼盛被害后,為之發喪,結怨于嚴嵩。其父為嚴嵩陷害致死,解官救父,未成。隆慶初復得薦用,歷官大名副使、參政、右布政使等。張居正當國,與之不合,罷官歸。后起為應天府尹、南京兵部右侍郎、南京刑部尚書。好古詩文,與李攀龍等結社,稱“后七子”,為文壇盟主。攀龍死后,獨主文壇二十年。主張文必西漢,詩必盛唐,與“前七子”李夢陽等說相倡和。于史學亦是古非今,崇尚《史記》《漢書》,否定史漢以下諸史。晚年持論有所變化,改而 “博古通今”。著作甚豐,主要有《弇州山人四部稿》《弇山堂別集》《嘉靖以來首輔傳》等。

· 引自《中國歷史大辭典》(上海辭書出版社2010年版)第287頁。

英文版:

Wang Shizhen (1526, 1590) Ming Taicang (belong to Jiangsu today) person, character beauty, from date Feng Zhou, person of hill of date city. Right of of drive history king child. Rare ability name, a successful candidate in the highest imperial examinations in 19 years old. The Ministry of Punishments in feudal China of all previous official advocate thing, member outside man, doctor, arms has deputy make. Do not add influential officials, liu Bing of aherents of Ceng Juyan fleabane is held in the palm please; After afterwards of good friend poplar fills be murdered, send funeral for it, contract enmity Yu Yansong. Its father is Yan Song circumvent is deadly, solution official helps father, did not become. Long Qingchu regains Jian is used, name of all previous official deputy make, participate in government and political affairs, right cloth politics make wait. Zhang Juzheng is become country, should not to it, dismiss from office return. Of people of talent is should a high official in ancient China of the Ministry of Punishments in feudal China of man of right serve of the Ministry of War in feudal China of Yin of weather government office, Nanjing, Nanjing. Article of good ancient poetry, wait for tong with Li Panlong, say " hind 7 child " , for the leader of an alliance of the literary world. After Pan Long is dead, alone altar of main body of a court verdict 20 years. View article needs the Western Han Dynasty, shi Bicheng the Tang Dynasty, with " before 7 child " Li Mengyang say photograph initiate is mixed. At historiography also be Gu Fei today, advocate " history write down " " Chinese book " , negative Shi Han is the following all history. Old age present an argument changes somewhat, change and " erudite and informed " . Composing very abundant, basically have " person of city hill stalks of grain 4 times " " hill hall fastens collect " " since Jia Jing head complementary pass " etc.

·Bring from " Chinese history big dictionary " (Shanghai dictionary press 2010 edition) the 287th page.

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